Pharmacology I/ Pharmacy Tech 1
Pharmacology I/ Pharmacy Tech 1
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Course Description:
Pharmacology I teaches the students about the scope of practice for a pharmacy technician as well as the state and federal law relating to the pharmacy.  Pharmacy math calculations, conversions, measurements, application of equations, and calculations will be discussed in this course.  Students will learn how to appropriate fill prescriptions and dispense medications.
 
 
Course Objectives:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Describe the functions a technician may perform
  • Describe the functions a technician may not perform
  • Understand the importance of confidentiality to the practice of pharmacy
  • Understand the general layout of the pharmacy department
  • Describe the federal and state agencies and regulations affecting pharmacy
  • Describe the role of the state board of pharmacy
  • Describe the characteristics of the four major categories of dosage forms
  • Describe the characteristics of prescription containers and closure
  • Locate prescription containers and closure in the pharmacy department
  • Understand the state’s rules and the pharmacy’s policies regarding generic substitution
  • Identify the information found on stock bottle labels
  • Describe appropriate strategies for avoiding mix-ups among easily-confused products
  • Differentiate among the various controlled substances schedules and rules for filling controlled substance prescriptions
  • Understand the rules and regulations governing refills, partial refills, and transfers of controlled substances
  • Follow the correct procedures for handling Schedule V sales
  • List the professions which may prescribe medications
  • List the information required on completed prescription forms
  • Correctly translate prescribers’ abbreviations and symbols into patient directions
  • Understand potential for confusion with abbreviations and outline processes to minimize confusion and errors
  • Use the four systems of measurement used in pharmacies and be able to convert from one to another
  • Use Roman numerals
  • Calculate ratios and proportions
  • Calculate dilutions of stock solutions
  • Calculate percentage preparations (i.e. w/w, w/v, v/v)
  • Calculate IV flow rates and infusion time
  • Convert Centigrade to Fahrenheit and from Fahrenheit to Centigrade
  • Calculate prescription dosages, quantities and days supply
  • Calculate children’s dosages
  • Perform business calculations (e.g. gross margin, mark-up, and inventory turnover)
  • Describe the importance of maintaining a caring attitude with patients
  • Understand communication techniques to use with patients
  • Describe the pharmacy department’s policy on professional appearance
  • Use effective telephone communication strategies
  • Communicate patients’ telephone requests to pharmacists
  • Recognize the prescription-related telephone calls a technician cannot handle
  • Understand the main concepts of the federal privacy rules that impact the technician role
  • Describe certain procedures that must be followed during the dispensing process to comply with the privacy regulations
  • Communicate with patients and healthcare professionals in compliance with the privacy rules
  • Effectively maintain privacy when communicating with those other than the patient
  • Understand the basic patient rights as described in the privacy regulations which may affect the technician’s role
  • Gather information missing from prescription forms
  • Describe the purpose of patient profiles and how to enter, update and maintain them
  • Describe prescription information that will be entered into the computer
  • Understand the compliance checks the pharmacy computer performs
  • Take proper action when compliance alerts are given by the computer
  • Use correct procedures to dispense prescriptions
  • Describe the information conveyed on prescription labels and receipts
  • Label products dispensed in original packages
  • Use auxiliary labels
  • Recognize the need to have a pharmacist check all work performed by a technician
  • Describe the procedures that assure delivery of the correct prescriptions to patients
  • Describe the time limits for refilling prescriptions
  • File prescriptions properly
  
Course Prerequisites
There are no prerequisites for taking Pharmacology I.

Course Texts- National Pharmacy Technician Training Program, 6th Edition by Kenneth W. Schafermeyer, RPh, PhD